Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain which results in deterioration in cognitive, physical, emotional or independent functioning...these impairments to cognitive abilities or physical functioning may be either temporary or permanent and cause partial or total disability or psychosocial maladjustment.”

There are a number of common causes of ABI, listed below:

  • Traumatic brain injury Traumatic brain injury occurs as the result of some external force being applied to the brain
  • Stroke Stroke usually occurs as the result of a haemorrhage or blockage to the blood vessels that supply blood to the various regions of the brain
  • Hypoxia/anoxia Hypoxia/anoxia refers to the reduced or complete stopping of the flow of oxygen to the brain leading to tissue damage, and can be caused by failed hangings, near drowning, or overdoses
  • Infection Bacterial or viral infections can lead to an inflammation of the brain covering (meningitis) or the brain tissue itself (encephalitis)
  • Tumour Tumours cause damage to the surrounding brain tissue and structures as they grow within the brain
  • Toxins Alcohol acts as a toxin and the long term misuse of alcohol can cause damage to brain tissue. • Degenerative neurological diseases Conditions including Huntingdon’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s disease are caused by abnormal changes to brain cells in particular regions of the brain

Program Objectives

  • Offer training and workshops about Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
  • Provide public awareness and education about TBI give examples of four broad categories of long-term impairments often seen after a traumatic brain injury, recognizing the links between site and type of injury with possible resulting impairments of brain function
  • identify the types of services (nationally and locally) available to people with a TBI and their families
  • Recognizing the process of recovery
  • Network with other organizations that support brain injury
  • Individual sessions with therapists, nurses and social workers are scheduled for patients and their families regarding educational needs in the respective disciplines.
  • Counseling services are provided to individuals